The shifting natural wealth of nations: The role of market orientation

Rabah Arezki*, Frederick van der Ploeg, Frederik Toscani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This paper explores the effect of market orientation on (known or available) natural resource wealth using a novel dataset of world-wide major hydrocarbon and mineral discoveries. Our empirical estimates based on a large panel of countries show that increased market orientation causes a significant increase in discoveries of natural resources. In a thought experiment where economies in Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa remain closed, they would have only achieved one quarter of the actual increase in discoveries they have experienced since the early 1990s. Our results call into question the commonly held view that known or available natural resource endowments are exogenous.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-245
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Development Economics
Volume138
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Keywords

  • Discoveries
  • Endogenous reserves
  • Institutions
  • Liberalization
  • Market orientation
  • Natural resources

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