The Underground Economy: Tracking the Wider Impacts of the São Paulo Subway System

E.A. Haddad, G.J.D. Hewings, A.A. Porsse, E.S. van Leeuwen, R.S. Vieira

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Over one million workers commute daily to São Paulo City center, using different modes of transportation. The São Paulo subway network reaches 74.2. km of length and is involved in around 20% of the commuting trips by public transportation, enhancing mobility and productivity of workers. This paper uses an integrated framework to assess the higher-order economic impacts of the existing underground metro infrastructure. We consider links between mobility, accessibility and labor productivity in the context of a detailed metropolitan system embedded in the national economy. Simulation results from a spatial computable general equilibrium model integrated to a transportation model suggest positive economic impacts that go beyond the city limits. While 32% of the impacts accrue to the city of São Paulo, the remaining 68% benefit other municipalities in the metropolitan area (11%), in the State of São Paulo (12.0%) and in the rest of the country (45%).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-30
JournalTransportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice
Volume73
Issue numberMarch
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Subways
economic impact
worker
economy
labor productivity
public transportation
national economy
equilibrium model
Productivity
city center
municipality
agglomeration area
Economics
productivity
infrastructure
Embedded systems
simulation
Personnel
Underground economy
Workers

Cite this

Haddad, E.A. ; Hewings, G.J.D. ; Porsse, A.A. ; van Leeuwen, E.S. ; Vieira, R.S. / The Underground Economy: Tracking the Wider Impacts of the São Paulo Subway System. In: Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice. 2015 ; Vol. 73, No. March. pp. 18-30.
@article{f907b01818794b2fbfef9dd9f9a6a8e5,
title = "The Underground Economy: Tracking the Wider Impacts of the S{\~a}o Paulo Subway System",
abstract = "Over one million workers commute daily to S{\~a}o Paulo City center, using different modes of transportation. The S{\~a}o Paulo subway network reaches 74.2. km of length and is involved in around 20{\%} of the commuting trips by public transportation, enhancing mobility and productivity of workers. This paper uses an integrated framework to assess the higher-order economic impacts of the existing underground metro infrastructure. We consider links between mobility, accessibility and labor productivity in the context of a detailed metropolitan system embedded in the national economy. Simulation results from a spatial computable general equilibrium model integrated to a transportation model suggest positive economic impacts that go beyond the city limits. While 32{\%} of the impacts accrue to the city of S{\~a}o Paulo, the remaining 68{\%} benefit other municipalities in the metropolitan area (11{\%}), in the State of S{\~a}o Paulo (12.0{\%}) and in the rest of the country (45{\%}).",
author = "E.A. Haddad and G.J.D. Hewings and A.A. Porsse and {van Leeuwen}, E.S. and R.S. Vieira",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1016/j.tra.2014.12.011",
language = "English",
volume = "73",
pages = "18--30",
journal = "Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice",
issn = "0965-8564",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "March",

}

The Underground Economy: Tracking the Wider Impacts of the São Paulo Subway System. / Haddad, E.A.; Hewings, G.J.D.; Porsse, A.A.; van Leeuwen, E.S.; Vieira, R.S.

In: Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice, Vol. 73, No. March, 2015, p. 18-30.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Underground Economy: Tracking the Wider Impacts of the São Paulo Subway System

AU - Haddad, E.A.

AU - Hewings, G.J.D.

AU - Porsse, A.A.

AU - van Leeuwen, E.S.

AU - Vieira, R.S.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Over one million workers commute daily to São Paulo City center, using different modes of transportation. The São Paulo subway network reaches 74.2. km of length and is involved in around 20% of the commuting trips by public transportation, enhancing mobility and productivity of workers. This paper uses an integrated framework to assess the higher-order economic impacts of the existing underground metro infrastructure. We consider links between mobility, accessibility and labor productivity in the context of a detailed metropolitan system embedded in the national economy. Simulation results from a spatial computable general equilibrium model integrated to a transportation model suggest positive economic impacts that go beyond the city limits. While 32% of the impacts accrue to the city of São Paulo, the remaining 68% benefit other municipalities in the metropolitan area (11%), in the State of São Paulo (12.0%) and in the rest of the country (45%).

AB - Over one million workers commute daily to São Paulo City center, using different modes of transportation. The São Paulo subway network reaches 74.2. km of length and is involved in around 20% of the commuting trips by public transportation, enhancing mobility and productivity of workers. This paper uses an integrated framework to assess the higher-order economic impacts of the existing underground metro infrastructure. We consider links between mobility, accessibility and labor productivity in the context of a detailed metropolitan system embedded in the national economy. Simulation results from a spatial computable general equilibrium model integrated to a transportation model suggest positive economic impacts that go beyond the city limits. While 32% of the impacts accrue to the city of São Paulo, the remaining 68% benefit other municipalities in the metropolitan area (11%), in the State of São Paulo (12.0%) and in the rest of the country (45%).

U2 - 10.1016/j.tra.2014.12.011

DO - 10.1016/j.tra.2014.12.011

M3 - Article

VL - 73

SP - 18

EP - 30

JO - Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice

JF - Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice

SN - 0965-8564

IS - March

ER -