The aim of this study was to develop a method to identify temporal events, sub-phases and trunk kinematics of the sit-to-walk (STW) using a single inertial sensor (IS) worn at the lower back and to determine the validity of this method. Twenty-seven healthy older adults performed a STW movement, which started from sitting in a chair and included walking 3 m.Participants[U+05F3] movements were recorded with the IS, a reference measurement system consisting of an optical motion capture system (3 markers on the IS and one on each foot) and on-off switches located in the seat of the chair.Using the data from the IS and the reference measurement systems, the following signals and variables were calculated and compared: 3D IS motion (accelerations, velocities, displacements and angles), temporal events (start of trunk movement, seat-off, end of trunk flexion phase, end of trunk rising phase and gait initiation) and trunk kinematics (flexion range, maximum flexion velocity, maximum forward velocity and forward velocity during seat-off and at first heel-strike and maximum vertical velocity and vertical velocity at first heel-strike).For most variables acceptable differences (RMSE<10%) were found between IS and reference measurement systems, except for sideways displacements and non-sagittal plane rotations. Furthermore, good results were found for temporal event detection, with ICC values for all variables being 0.988 or higher. With exception of the vertical velocity at heel-strike agreement for trunk kinematics was high, with ICC values being 0.867 or higher.
Walgaard, S., Faber, G. S., van Lummel, R., van Dieen, J. H., & Kingma, I. (2016). The validity of assessing temporal events, sub-phases and trunk kinematics of the sit-to-walk movement in older adults using a single inertial sensor. Journal of Biomechanics, 49(9), 1933-1937. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2016.03.010