Thirty new loci for age at menarche identified by a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies

C.E. Elks, J.R.B. Perry, P. Sulem, D.I. Chasman, N. Franceschini, C. He, K.L. Lunetta, J.A. Visser, E.M. Byrne, D.L. Cousminer, J.J. Hottenga, E.J.C. de Geus, N.G. Martin, L. Peltonen, G. Willemsen, D.I. Boomsma, C.M. van Duijn, S.A. Loos, GW Montgomery, P.M. RidkerT.D. Spector, E.A. Streeten, K. Stefansson, U. Thorsteinsdottir, A.G. Uitterlinden, E. Widen, J.M. Murabito, K.K. Ong, A. Murray

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


To identify loci for age at menarche, we performed a meta-analysis of 32 genome-wide association studies in 87,802 women of European descent, with replication in up to 14,731 women. In addition to the known loci at LIN28B (P = 5.4 × 10 -60) and 9q31.2 (P = 2.2 × 10 -33), we identified 30 new menarche loci (all P < 5 × 10 -8) and found suggestive evidence for a further 10 loci (P < 1.9 × 10 -6). The new loci included four previously associated with body mass index (in or near FTO, SEC16B, TRA2B and TMEM18), three in or near other genes implicated in energy homeostasis (BSX, CRTC1 and MCHR2) and three in or near genes implicated in hormonal regulation (INHBA, PCSK2 and RXRG). Ingenuity and gene-set enrichment pathway analyses identified coenzyme A and fatty acid biosynthesis as biological processes related to menarche timing. © 2010 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1077-1085
JournalNature Genetics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Cohort Studies

  • Netherlands Twin Register (NTR)


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