Time after time: A short-term longitudinal examination of the ego- and time-moving representations

Annemijn C. Loermans, Taciano L. Milfont*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


When asked to move next Wednesday's meeting two days forward, English speakers tend to disagree on whether it will move to Friday or Monday depending on their use of ego-moving or time-moving representations of time. We examined the stability of answers over a five-month interval in a sample of 345 undergraduates (78.6% female) from New Zealand. Most participants answered Monday but there was no group consensus, confirming the ambiguity of the question. Results showed overall stability in answers, with observed over-time change due to female participants shifting their answers from Friday to Monday. Associations between time representations and time orientations were not statistically significant, but the findings suggest time-moving and ego-moving representations to be more associated with future and present orientations, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Issue numberJune
Early online date26 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018


  • Ego-moving
  • Future time perspective
  • Future-oriented cognition
  • Longitudinal
  • Space-time metaphors
  • Time-moving


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