The time-resolved fluorescence properties of the bacteriophage T4 capsid protein gp23 are investigated. The structural characteristics of this protein are largely unknown and can be probed by recording time-resolved and decay-associated fluorescence spectra and intensity decay curves using a 200 ps-gated intensified CCD-camera. Spectral and decay data are recorded simultaneously, which makes data acquisition fast compared to time-correlated single-photon counting. A red-shift of the emission maximum within the first nanosecond of decay is observed, which can be explained by the different decay-associated spectra of fluorescence lifetimes of the protein in combination with dipolar relaxation. In addition, iodide quenching experiments are performed, to study the degree of exposure of the various tryptophan residues. A model for the origin of the observed lifetimes of 0.032 0.06, 2.1 ± 0.1 and 6.8 ± 0.8 ns is presented: the 32 ps lifetime can be assigned to the emission of a buried tryptophan residue, the 0.4 and 2.1 ns lifetimes to two partly buried residues, and the 6.8 ns lifetime to a single tryptophan outside the bulk of the folded gp23. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Journal||Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B. Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|