Time Series Models of Daily Tax Revenues

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We provide a detailed discussion of time series modelling of daily data in general and daily tax revenues in particular. The main feature of the daily tax revenue series is the pattern within calendar months. Standard time series methods for seasonal adjustment and forecasting cannot be used since the number of banking days per calendar month varies and because there are two levels of seasonality: between months and within months. We propose a daily time series model based on unobserved components that allows for the classic decomposition into trend, seasonal plus irregular, but it also includes components for intra-monthly, trading-day and length-of-month effects. Such components typically rely on stochastic cubic spline, polynomial and dummy variable functions. State space techniques are used for the recursive computation of the likelihood and forecasts functions with special allowance for irregular spacing. The model is operational for daily forecasting at the Dutch Ministry of Finance. We present the model specification and discuss estimation and forecasting results up to December 1999. A comparative forecast evaluation is also presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-469
Number of pages31
JournalStatistica Neerlandica. Journal of the Netherlands Society for Statistics and Operations Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003


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