Tinea capitis bij kinderen op de basisschoolleeftijd in Amsterdam Zuid-Oost: vooral Trichophyton tonsurans

Translated title of the contribution: Tinea capitis in primary school age children in southeastern Amsterdam: primarily due to Trichophyton tonsurans

A Timen, L Bovée, A Leentvaar-Kuijpers, P G Peerbooms, R A Coutinho

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE: To establish prevalence and aetiology of tinea capitis in children attending primary school in Amsterdam South-East.

    DESIGN: Prevalence survey.

    METHODS: The Municipal Health Service Amsterdam, the Netherlands, selected classes of four primary schools in a survey with children clinically suspected of having tinea capitis as well as classes without clinical cases. Per school at least one class with a notified case was included. Written information was provided to all parents; the parents of three children refused participation. After clinical examination by a team of physicians and nursing staff scalp cultures were taken using the brush method from 315 children (aged 4-12 years) in 16 classes.

    RESULTS: The clinical diagnosis 'tinea capitis' was established in 25 children, significantly more in boys than in girls (relative risk (RR) = 2.92: 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.20-7.11). Of all children 7% had positive cultures, more boys than girls (RR = 3.13: 95% CI: 1.18-8.28). Symptomatic cases (confirmed by culture) amounted to 3.2% of all children. The carrier rate was 3.8%. Trichophyton tonsurans was the most frequently isolated dermatophyte both in symptomatic children and in carriers.

    CONCLUSION: In 7% of all children (3.2% with symptoms of tinea capitis, 3.8% without) dermatophytes were cultured from scalp samples, the main aetiologic agent being T. tonsurans.

    Translated title of the contributionTinea capitis in primary school age children in southeastern Amsterdam: primarily due to Trichophyton tonsurans
    Original languageDutch
    Pages (from-to)24-7
    Number of pages4
    JournalNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde
    Volume143
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 1999

    Keywords

    • Child
    • Child, Preschool
    • Female
    • Humans
    • Male
    • Netherlands/epidemiology
    • Prevalence
    • Schools/statistics & numerical data
    • Tinea Capitis/epidemiology
    • Trichophyton/isolation & purification

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