Toxicity of a metal(loid)-polluted agricultural soil to Enchytraeus crypticus changes under a global warming perspective: Variations in air temperature and soil moisture content

M.N. Gonzalez Alcaraz, C.A.M. van Gestel

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This study aimed to assess how the current global warming perspective, with increasing air temperature (20 °C vs. 25 °C) and decreasing soil moisture content (50% vs. 30% of the soil water holding capacity, WHC), affected the toxicity of a metal(loid)-polluted agricultural soil to Enchytraeus crypticus. Enchytraeids were exposed for 21 d to a dilution series of the agricultural soil with Lufa 2.2 control soil under four climate situations: 20 °C + 50% WHC (standard conditions), 20 °C + 30% WHC, 25 °C + 50% WHC, and 25 °C + 30% WHC. Survival, reproduction and bioaccumulation of As, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn were obtained as endpoints. Reproduction was more sensitive to both climate factors and metal(loid) pollution. High soil salinity (electrical conductivity ~ 3 dS m
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-211
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Publication statusPublished - 2016


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