Ultracold metastable helium: Ramsey fringes and atom interferometry

W. Vassen, R.P.M.J.W. Notermans, R.J. Rengelink, R.F.H.J. van der Beek

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We report on interference studies in the internal and external degrees of freedom of metastable triplet helium atoms trapped near quantum degeneracy in a 1.5μm optical dipole trap. Applying a single π/ 2 rf pulse we demonstrate that 50% of the atoms initially in the m= + 1 state can be transferred to the magnetic field insensitive m= 0 state. Two π/ 2 pulses with varying time delay allow a Ramsey-type measurement of the Zeeman shift for a high precision measurement of the 23S1–21S0 transition frequency. We show that this method also allows strong suppression of mean-field effects on the measurement of the Zeeman shift, which is necessary to reach the accuracy goal of 0.1 kHz on the absolute transition frequencies. Theoretically the feasibility of using metastable triplet helium atoms in the m= 0 state for atom interferometry is studied demonstrating favorable conditions, compared to the alkali atoms that are used traditionally, for a non-QED determination of the fine structure constant.
Original languageEnglish
Article number289
JournalApplied Physics B. Lasers and Optics
Volume2016
Issue number122
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Nov 2016

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