The current study investigated whether subliminal spatial cues can affect the oculomotor system. In addition, we performed the experiment under monocular viewing conditions. By limiting participants to monocular viewing conditions, we can examine behavioral temporal-nasal hemifield asymmetries. These behavioral asymmetries may arise from an anatomical asymmetry in the retinotectal pathway. The results show that even though our spatial cues were not consciously perceived they did affect the oculomotor system: relative to the neutral condition, saccade latencies to the validly cued location were shorter and saccade latencies to the invalidly cued location were longer. Although we did not observe an overall inhibition of return effect, there was a reliable effect of hemifield on IOR for those observers who showed an overall IOR effect. More specifically, consistent with the notion that processing via the retinotectal pathway is stronger in the temporal hemifield than in the nasal hemifield we found an IOR effect for cues presented in the temporal hemifield but not for cues presented in the nasal hemifield. We conclude that unconsciously processed spatial cues can affect the oculomotor system. In addition, the observed behavioral temporal-nasal hemifield asymmetry is consistent with retinotectal mediation. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.