Understanding the impact of chemicals on marine fish populations: the need for an integrative approach involving population and disease ecology

C. Martínez-Gómez*, A. Dick Vethaak

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The impact of acute and chronic marine pollution on the population changes of individual fish remains mostly unknown. In this paper, we share our study and review similar published work, emphasising fish health monitoring in European Seas and illustrating it using case studies. Arguably, an integrative approach is needed to assess the impact on population of chemical contaminants, beginning with field observations and complemented with experimental (laboratory and mesocosm) studies and modelling. Field surveys and monitoring using fish biomarkers should be intensified and ideally integrated with population statistics and fish ecology knowledge. Moreover, the indirect effects of chemicals – altering ecosystem functions – and the monitoring of immunological biomarkers and fatal diseases in wild fish populations should receive more attention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-77
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Environmental Science and Health
Volume11
Early online date14 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Bio-monitoring
  • Fish biomarkers
  • Fish diseases
  • Fish population dynamics
  • Immunological biomarkers
  • Marine pollution

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