Urban-Rural Synergies: An Explorative Study at the NUTS3 Level

Eveline van Leeuwen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Regions are continually developing. Innovations in agricultural and industrial production affect urban and rural areas in different ways, and climate change and developments in transport and (tele)communication have strong effects on the interaction between them. Although urban and rural areas are often studied separately, systemic effects are clearly important when studying their interactions. This article aims to get a better understanding of the importance of urban-rural interaction between European regions. Therefore, a regional analysis using factor analysis and spatial correlation is used to show the presence and direction of urban-rural interactions. The results indicate that rural areas benefit from having more urban neighbors in terms of employment and employment growth as well as a stronger tourism sector. At the same time, urban areas with more rural neighbors experience a higher level of (relative) GDP growth. In addition, they are also related to higher levels of employment and population growth. Overall, the analysis shows that having more ‘opposite’ neighbors appears to be beneficial to both urban and rural regions. More research with more specific indicators, for example related to quality of life, as well as a more complete dataset, is necessary to confirm these conclusions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-289
Number of pages17
JournalApplied Spatial Analysis and Policy
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sep 2015

Fingerprint

synergy
rural area
urban area
employment trend
interaction
industrial production
quality of life
Gross Domestic Product
regional analysis
factor analysis
agricultural production
tourism sector
population growth
innovation
tourism
communication
climate change
experience
analysis
effect

Keywords

  • Europe
  • Factor analysis
  • NUTS3 regions
  • Urban-rural interactions

Cite this

van Leeuwen, Eveline. / Urban-Rural Synergies : An Explorative Study at the NUTS3 Level. In: Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy. 2015 ; Vol. 8, No. 3. pp. 273-289.
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Urban-Rural Synergies : An Explorative Study at the NUTS3 Level. / van Leeuwen, Eveline.

In: Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, Vol. 8, No. 3, 11.09.2015, p. 273-289.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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