Urban Transport Policies: The Dutch Struggle with Market Failures and Policy Failures

Piet Rietveld

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Abstract

Transport is characterised by market failures that are of particular importance in urban settings. This paper reviews market failures and policy failures in The Netherlands for various transport markets, including road transport, public transport and biking. Special attention is paid to parking problems, and possibilities to cope with these by pricing measures. It is demonstrated that in some cases parking externalities lead to non-convexities that make pricing policies less attractive. In that case parking restrictions are called for. A general shift is observed from national to municipality policy initiatives. In terms of both effectiveness and social and political acceptability, the municipal policies definitely score better.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherTinbergen Instituut
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Publication series

NameDiscussion paper TI
No.04-126/3

Fingerprint

sales policy
market failure
pricing
public transport
municipality
Netherlands
road
market

Cite this

Rietveld, P. (2004). Urban Transport Policies: The Dutch Struggle with Market Failures and Policy Failures. (Discussion paper TI; No. 04-126/3). Amsterdam: Tinbergen Instituut.
Rietveld, Piet. / Urban Transport Policies: The Dutch Struggle with Market Failures and Policy Failures. Amsterdam : Tinbergen Instituut, 2004. (Discussion paper TI; 04-126/3).
@techreport{053350e6f23948f98b5e9c65ec439b55,
title = "Urban Transport Policies: The Dutch Struggle with Market Failures and Policy Failures",
abstract = "Transport is characterised by market failures that are of particular importance in urban settings. This paper reviews market failures and policy failures in The Netherlands for various transport markets, including road transport, public transport and biking. Special attention is paid to parking problems, and possibilities to cope with these by pricing measures. It is demonstrated that in some cases parking externalities lead to non-convexities that make pricing policies less attractive. In that case parking restrictions are called for. A general shift is observed from national to municipality policy initiatives. In terms of both effectiveness and social and political acceptability, the municipal policies definitely score better.",
author = "Piet Rietveld",
year = "2004",
language = "English",
series = "Discussion paper TI",
publisher = "Tinbergen Instituut",
number = "04-126/3",
type = "WorkingPaper",
institution = "Tinbergen Instituut",

}

Rietveld, P 2004 'Urban Transport Policies: The Dutch Struggle with Market Failures and Policy Failures' Discussion paper TI, no. 04-126/3, Tinbergen Instituut, Amsterdam.

Urban Transport Policies: The Dutch Struggle with Market Failures and Policy Failures. / Rietveld, Piet.

Amsterdam : Tinbergen Instituut, 2004. (Discussion paper TI; No. 04-126/3).

Research output: Working paperProfessional

TY - UNPB

T1 - Urban Transport Policies: The Dutch Struggle with Market Failures and Policy Failures

AU - Rietveld, Piet

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - Transport is characterised by market failures that are of particular importance in urban settings. This paper reviews market failures and policy failures in The Netherlands for various transport markets, including road transport, public transport and biking. Special attention is paid to parking problems, and possibilities to cope with these by pricing measures. It is demonstrated that in some cases parking externalities lead to non-convexities that make pricing policies less attractive. In that case parking restrictions are called for. A general shift is observed from national to municipality policy initiatives. In terms of both effectiveness and social and political acceptability, the municipal policies definitely score better.

AB - Transport is characterised by market failures that are of particular importance in urban settings. This paper reviews market failures and policy failures in The Netherlands for various transport markets, including road transport, public transport and biking. Special attention is paid to parking problems, and possibilities to cope with these by pricing measures. It is demonstrated that in some cases parking externalities lead to non-convexities that make pricing policies less attractive. In that case parking restrictions are called for. A general shift is observed from national to municipality policy initiatives. In terms of both effectiveness and social and political acceptability, the municipal policies definitely score better.

M3 - Working paper

T3 - Discussion paper TI

BT - Urban Transport Policies: The Dutch Struggle with Market Failures and Policy Failures

PB - Tinbergen Instituut

CY - Amsterdam

ER -

Rietveld P. Urban Transport Policies: The Dutch Struggle with Market Failures and Policy Failures. Amsterdam: Tinbergen Instituut. 2004. (Discussion paper TI; 04-126/3).