Urinary metabolite profile of phenyl and o-cresyl glycidyl ether in rats: identification of a novel pathway leading to N-acetylserine O-conjugates.

B.M. de Rooij, J.N.M. Commandeur, O.R. Hommes, T. Aalbers, E.J. Groot, N.P.E. Vermeulen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The urinary excretion of metabolites of phenyl glycidyl ether (PGE) and o-cresyl glycidyl ether (o-CGE) was investigated in rats. Urine was collected, in fractions, from rats intraperitoneally administered PGE or o- CGE in doses ranging from 0.033 to 1.0 mmol/kg. The metabolites were extracted from acidified urine with ethyl acetate or diethyl ether, and their identity was elucidated by GC/MS analysis. The epoxide of PGE can be inactivated by glutathione (GSH) conjugation or epoxide hydrolysis. After further metabolites, these routes lead to the urinary excretion of phenyl glycidyl ether mercapturic acid (PGEMA) and 3-(phenyloxy)lactic acid (POLA). The excretion of PGEMA and POLA was described before and is confirmed in this study. Additionally, a new metabolite was identified as N-acetyl-O- phenylserine (NAPS), which is proposed to be formed from POLA by subsequent oxidation, transamination, and N-acetylation. For PGEMA a linear dose- excretion relationship was found (r
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-118
JournalChemical Research in Toxicology
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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