“Us Against Them” or “All Humans Are Equal”. Intergroup attitudes and perceived parental socialization of Muslim immigrant and native Dutch youth

Diana D. van Bergen, Doret J. de Ruyter, Trees V.M. Pels

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Intergroup attitudes of Muslim immigrant youth and native youth in the Netherlands were examined in relation to perceived parental socialization. Our aim was to gain insights into parent-child (dis)similarity in antagonistic and egalitarian attitudes and to understand differences between these two groups in this respect. Data come from qualitative interviews with 22 Turkish Dutch, Moroccan Dutch, and native Dutch youth (aged 16-22) who were prone either to intergroup antagonism (i.e., held hostile and negative attitudes toward out-groups) or to egalitarianism (held egalitarian attitudes). Interviews were analyzed using the constant comparison method. Results show that in the majority youth group, egalitarianism as well as intergroup antagonism were quite comparable across two generations. The attitudes of Muslim minority youth diverged more from those of their parents and appeared to be related to the pedagogic relationship between parents and children. Minority youth prone to antagonism perceived a lack of adequate parental responses to their negative experiences in the context of Islamophobia. Egalitarian minority youth reported that their parents were quite sensitive to their communications about perceived exclusion and that they responded with advice and support. Findings are discussed with reference to the social learning theory and the ethnic socialization strategies identified by Hughes et al.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-584
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Adolescent Research
Volume32
Issue number5
Early online date3 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • intergroup antagonism
  • minority-majority relations
  • Moroccan Dutch youth
  • Muslim immigrant youth
  • parental ethnic socialization
  • social learning
  • Turkish Dutch youth

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