Validation of the Dutch version of the Pregnancy Experience Scale

J.E. van der Zwan, W. de Vente, J.M. Koot, A.C. Huizink

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The Pregnancy Experience Scale – Brief version (PES-Brief) assesses the frequency and intensity of the hassles and uplifts of pregnancy. This study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Dutch PES-Brief—de Beleving van Zwangerschap Schaal – verkorte versie (BZS-K)—in a sample of healthy Dutch pregnant women. Participants (n = 115) completed questionnaires twice during pregnancy, within a three-week interval. Factor analyses resulted in the expected two factors, one positive and one negative. The BZS-K showed sufficient internal consistency (α = .76 for Hassles, .83 for Uplifts) and reproducibility of subscales (Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) = .72-.84). Concurrent validity with measures of pregnancy anxiety, general depression, anxiety and stress, and emotional well-being was established. We conclude that the BZS-K is a reliable, valid measure for assessment of women’s perceptions of hassles and uplifts of pregnancy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-20
Number of pages5
Early online date29 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017


  • Pregnancy Experience Scale
  • Pregnancy hassles and uplifts
  • Psychometric properties


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