Versal normal form for nonsemisimple singularities

Fahimeh Mokhtari*, Jan A. Sanders

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The theory of versal normal form has been playing a role in normal form since the introduction of the concept by V.I. Arnol'd in [1,2]. But there has been no systematic use of it that is in line with the semidirect character of the group of formal transformations on formal vector fields, that is, the linear part should be done completely first, before one computes the nonlinear terms. In this paper, we address this issue by giving a complete description of a first order calculation in the case of the two- and three-dimensional irreducible nilpotent cases, which is then followed up by an explicit almost symplectic calculation to find the transformation to versal normal form in a particular fluid dynamics problem and in the celestial mechanics L 4 problem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3083-3113
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Differential Equations
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2019


  • L problem
  • Nilpotent
  • sl representation
  • Versal normal form


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