Victim no more: A temporal-causal analysis of how a mediator can help out a bullying victim

Fakhra Jabeen, Nizar A. Hirzalla, Thomas M. Maaiveld, Charlotte Gerritsen, Jan Treur

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Bullying is an intentional abusive behaviour, caused by power imbalance, which can leave long lasting effects over the mental and physical health of a victim. In order to combat such situations, victims need someone that can help them, a mediator who is able to reduce the oppression. This paper presents temporal-causal network models related to victimization and its support, based upon social and cognitive literature. The aim of the study is to explore responses of a victim after being bullied and how a mediator can support a victim. Here, a ‘fight or fly strategy’ is presented along with the role of mediator in order to support a victim. Subsequently, the model is tuned and analysed with respect to derived empirical data. Lastly, simulation experiments are compared with a publically available dataset, to verify the behaviour of model. This is an extended version of a paper (Hirzalla, Maaiveld, and Jabeen 2019) that appeared in ICCCI’19
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229–250
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Information and Telecommunication
Issue number2
Early online date12 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2020


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