VPS35 depletion does not impair presynaptic structure and function

Sonia Vazquez-Sanchez, Sander Bobeldijk, Marien P. Dekker, Linda Van Keimpema, Jan R.T. Van Weering*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The endosomal system is proposed as a mediator of synaptic vesicle recycling, but the molecular recycling mechanism remains largely unknown. Retromer is a key protein complex which mediates endosomal recycling in eukaryotic cells, including neurons. Retromer is important for brain function and mutations in retromer genes are linked to neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we aimed to determine the role of retromer in presynaptic structure and function. We assessed the role of retromer by knocking down VPS35, the core subunit of retromer, in primary hippocampal mouse neurons. VPS35 depletion led to retromer dysfunction, measured as a decrease in GluA1 at the plasma membrane, and bypassed morphological defects previously described in chronic retromer depletion models. We found that retromer is localized at the mammalian presynaptic terminal. However, VPS35 depletion did not alter the presynaptic ultrastructure, synaptic vesicle release or retrieval. Hence, we conclude that retromer is present in the presynaptic terminal but it is not essential for the synaptic vesicle cycle. Nonetheless, the presynaptic localization of VPS35 suggests that retromer-dependent endosome sorting could take place for other presynaptic cargo.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2996
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2018

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