Web-Based and Mobile Stress Management Intervention for Employees: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Elena Heber, Dirk Lehr, David Daniel Ebert, Matthias Berking, Heleen Riper

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND Work-related stress is highly prevalent among employees and is associated with adverse mental health consequences. Web-based interventions offer the opportunity to deliver effective solutions on a large scale; however, the evidence is limited and the results conflicting. OBJECTIVE This randomized controlled trial evaluated the efficacy of guided Web- and mobile-based stress management training for employees. METHODS A total of 264 employees with elevated symptoms of stress (Perceived Stress Scale-10, PSS-10≥22) were recruited from the general working population and randomly assigned to an Internet-based stress management intervention (iSMI) or waitlist control group. The intervention (GET.ON Stress) was based on Lazarus's transactional model of stress, consisted of seven sessions, and applied both well-established problem solving and more recently developed emotion regulation strategies. Participants also had the opportunity to request automatic text messages on their mobile phone along with the iSMI. Participants received written feedback on every completed session from an e-coach. The primary outcome was perceived stress (PSS-10). Web-based self-report assessments for both groups were scheduled at baseline, 7 weeks, and 6 months. At 12 months, an extended follow-up was carried out for the iSMI group only. RESULTS An intention-to-treat analysis of covariance revealed significantly large effect differences between iSMI and waitlist control groups for perceived stress at posttest (F1,261=58.08, P
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJournal of medical Internet research
Pagese21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jan 2016

Publication series

NameJournal of medical Internet research
Volume18

Keywords

  • Internet
  • mental health
  • randomized controlled trial
  • stress
  • stress management
  • work

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