What do we know about the atypical development of exploratory actions during infancy?

Ana Carolina de Campos*, Geert J P Savelsbergh, Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review


    Recent theoretical approaches to infant development have highlighted the importance of exploratory actions to motor, perceptual and cognitive development in infancy. However, the performance of infants exposed to risk factors when exploring objects has been frequently overlooked as a variable of interest. The aim of this study was to review scientific publications investigating the role of developmental risk factors on the development of exploratory actions over objects. Electronic databases (Medline and Science Direct) were searched for papers by using for the following key-words in combination: "exploration", "exploratory", "infants" Eighteen papers were included in the review. The performance of infants exposed to various risk conditions such as prematurity, blindness, Down syndrome, autism and low socioeconomic level have been addressed in the literature. Each risk condition has influenced infants' behaviors in particular ways. Considerations for further research were made based on issues raised by the review that still need to be further understood.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2228-2235
    Number of pages8
    JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2012


    • Exploratory behavior
    • Infant development
    • Infants at risk
    • Perception


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