What if solar energy becomes really cheap? A thought experiment on environmental problem shifting

J.C.J.M. van den Bergh, C. Folke, S. Polasky, M. Scheffer, W. Steffen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Solving one environmental problem may often invoke or intensify another one. Such environmental problem shifting (EPS) is a neglected topic in global sustainability research. Indeed, it is difficult to study as it requires the merging of insights from various research areas. Here we identify relevant studies, and provide an illustration and guidelines for the systematic study of EPS. As a modest thought experiment to illustrate the relevance of EPS, we consider solutions to scarcity of energy resources and climate change that, due to their extreme nature, may lead to considerable environmental problem shifting. We qualitatively assess the likely environmental and socioeconomic impacts of three hypothetical energy futures to highlight the possibility that as we resolve one environmental problem, another may be aggravated. We further present a set of guidelines to study EPS in a systematic and focused way. Here we stress that shifting can be mediated by biophysical as well as socioeconomic mechanisms, which means that its analysis requires a genuine interdisciplinary effort.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-179
JournalCurrent Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
Volume14
Issue numberJune
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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solar energy
environmental impact
socioeconomic impact
experiment
energy resource
sustainability
climate change
energy
socioeconomics
analysis
environmental study
resources

Cite this

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title = "What if solar energy becomes really cheap? A thought experiment on environmental problem shifting",
abstract = "Solving one environmental problem may often invoke or intensify another one. Such environmental problem shifting (EPS) is a neglected topic in global sustainability research. Indeed, it is difficult to study as it requires the merging of insights from various research areas. Here we identify relevant studies, and provide an illustration and guidelines for the systematic study of EPS. As a modest thought experiment to illustrate the relevance of EPS, we consider solutions to scarcity of energy resources and climate change that, due to their extreme nature, may lead to considerable environmental problem shifting. We qualitatively assess the likely environmental and socioeconomic impacts of three hypothetical energy futures to highlight the possibility that as we resolve one environmental problem, another may be aggravated. We further present a set of guidelines to study EPS in a systematic and focused way. Here we stress that shifting can be mediated by biophysical as well as socioeconomic mechanisms, which means that its analysis requires a genuine interdisciplinary effort.",
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What if solar energy becomes really cheap? A thought experiment on environmental problem shifting. / van den Bergh, J.C.J.M.; Folke, C.; Polasky, S.; Scheffer, M.; Steffen, W.

In: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Vol. 14, No. June, 2015, p. 170-179.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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