When status is grabbed and when status is granted: Getting ahead in dominance and prestige hierarchies.

Wendy de Waal-Andrews, Aiden Gregg, Joris Lammers

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    What type of behaviour affords status, agentic, or communal? Research to date has yielded inconsistent answers. In particular, the conflict view holds that agentic behaviour permits the imperious to grab status through overt force, whereas the functional view holds that communal behaviour permits the talented to earn status through popular appeal. Here, we synthesize both views by taking into account the moderating role played by group hierarchy. Group hierarchy can range from being dominance based (where status is grabbed) to prestige based (where status is granted). In a field study (Study 1), and a laboratory experiment (Study 2), we demonstrate that in different groups, status can be achieved in different ways. Specifically, agentic behaviour promotes status regardless of hierarchy type, whereas the effect of communal behaviour on status is moderated by hierarchy type: it augments it in more prestige-based hierarchies but diminishes it in more dominance-based hierarchies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)445-464
    Number of pages20
    JournalBritish Journal of Social Psychology
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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