Who volunteers in psychology experiments? An empirical review of prosocial motivation in volunteering

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    The central purpose of the present research is to provide a review of social value orientation (i.e., prosocial, individualistic, and competitive orientation), a construct measured with methods rooted in game theory (i.e., decomposed games). Also, we examine its ability to predict volunteering in psychology experiments. Consistent with hypotheses, Study 1 revealed that prosocials are more likely to volunteer in psychological experiments than do individualists and competitors. Study 2 replicated these findings, and revealed also that social value orientation was strongly linked to the academic study they chose. In particular, among psychology students, prosocials (57%) was the largest group, followed by individualists (37%), and only a few competitors (6%); in contrast, among economics students, individualists appeared largest (47%), followed by prosocials (36%), and still a fairly sizeable percentage of competitors (17%). It is concluded that psychologists and economists tend to rely on samples (from their participant pools) that may systematically differ in terms of motivation and beliefs that are associated with differences in prosociality, selfishness, and competition. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)279-284
    JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
    Volume51
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

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    Social Values
    Motivation
    Volunteers
    Psychology
    Game Theory
    Students
    Aptitude
    Economics
    Research

    Cite this

    @article{c32469d9740b47a890506922c51345a1,
    title = "Who volunteers in psychology experiments? An empirical review of prosocial motivation in volunteering",
    abstract = "The central purpose of the present research is to provide a review of social value orientation (i.e., prosocial, individualistic, and competitive orientation), a construct measured with methods rooted in game theory (i.e., decomposed games). Also, we examine its ability to predict volunteering in psychology experiments. Consistent with hypotheses, Study 1 revealed that prosocials are more likely to volunteer in psychological experiments than do individualists and competitors. Study 2 replicated these findings, and revealed also that social value orientation was strongly linked to the academic study they chose. In particular, among psychology students, prosocials (57{\%}) was the largest group, followed by individualists (37{\%}), and only a few competitors (6{\%}); in contrast, among economics students, individualists appeared largest (47{\%}), followed by prosocials (36{\%}), and still a fairly sizeable percentage of competitors (17{\%}). It is concluded that psychologists and economists tend to rely on samples (from their participant pools) that may systematically differ in terms of motivation and beliefs that are associated with differences in prosociality, selfishness, and competition. {\circledC} 2010 Elsevier Ltd.",
    author = "{van Lange}, P.A.M. and M.C. Schippers and D.P. Balliet",
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    Who volunteers in psychology experiments? An empirical review of prosocial motivation in volunteering. / van Lange, P.A.M.; Schippers, M.C.; Balliet, D.P.

    In: Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 51, 2011, p. 279-284.

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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