In Zimbabwe's current crisis, it is easy to overlook the fact that the country had a resettlement program for two decades before the large-scale, politically motivated land occupations began in 2000. This paper does four things. First, it creates an historical bookmark for the earlier period of land reform in the hope that the lessons from that experience will not be lost. Second, it reviews some of the major outcomes of resettlement from almost a quarter century of research. Third, it partially sets the stage for some of the papers that follow in this section. Finally, as a caution for those who will shape Zimbabwe's future, it provides some reminders of the interlocking relationships among property, poverty and conflict. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.